Electronic transport properties of topological insulators

Abstract : The works presented in this thesis intend to contribute to condensed matter physics in the understanding of the electronic properties of a recently discovered class of materials : the topological insulators.The first part of this memoir is an introduction to topological insulators, focusing on their specifities compared to "trivial" insulators : helical edge states (in the two dimensional quantum spin Hall effect) or relativistic surface states (for three dimensional topological insulators) both robust agiant disorder.The second part proposes a new way to probe the unique properties of the helical edge states of quantum spin Hall effect via the injection of Cooper pair from a superconductor.The third part deals with the diffusion of the three dimensional topological insulator surface states, in the phase coherent regime. The diffusion, the quantum correction to conductivity, and the amplitude of the universal conductance fluctuations are studied. This study is also led in the experimentally relevant case where the Fermi surface presents a hexagonal deformation.
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Pierre Adroguer. Electronic transport properties of topological insulators. Other [cond-mat.other]. Ecole normale supérieure de lyon - ENS LYON, 2013. English. ⟨NNT : 2013ENSL0803⟩. ⟨tel-00832048⟩

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