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Entraîneur de football : histoire d’une profession de 1890 à nos jours

Abstract : Since 1890, élite French footballers have become the centre of interest for an ever increasing number of people. But although players were the first to attract attention, it is taken for granted that coaches played the most prominent role in the evolution and improvement of French soccer. However, they remained largely unknown for many years. As early as the 1920s, they invested the area of French soccer and tried to teach their own perception of how to train for an play the game. But they faced some difficulties, which would slow their influence for several decades. Coaching did not become a real occupation till the 1950s, when they created an organization called “Amicale”, which played a decisive part in establishing their own identity as well as creating an efficient academy process. Coaches have become better known by the general public since the 1980s, but this new media coverage is a two-edged sword: on the one hand, it gives them credit for their action in improving French football, but on the other hand it threatens more and more their professional stability, which they have always been denied. The history of professional coaching suggests we take a look at the action of decisive individuals like Gabriel Hanot or Georges Boulogne, but also at collective actions which were often driven by their own union, or by their hierarchy through the D.T.N. (National Technical Direction). These men and organizations have become aware of the fact that coaching does not amount to the practice pitch alone, nor to training and competition, and that their occupation shows many similarities to managerial work.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, June 5, 2013 - 10:22:10 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 20, 2019 - 2:59:08 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, September 6, 2013 - 4:10:40 AM


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  • HAL Id : tel-00830450, version 1



Laurent Grün. Entraîneur de football : histoire d’une profession de 1890 à nos jours. Education. Université Claude Bernard - Lyon I, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011LYO10011⟩. ⟨tel-00830450⟩



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