L'instituteur Louis Pastre (1863-1927) : le catalan et l'école en Roussillon de 1881 à 1907

Abstract : Born in 1863 in Languedoc in the French department of Herault, Louis Pastre carries out his whole carrier as a lay teacher in Roussillon or Pyrenées-Orientales department. Two centuries and a half after Roussillon was annexed to France, Catalan remains a common language, especially to the working class. From the end of the nineteenth century and with harbingers grateful forever to the state teacher Côme Rouffia (1790-1874), the regional language also fits into the process of the dynamics of the Felibrige and especially Catalan revivals which shine from Barcelona. Then, an intellectual elite organises itself to preserve the local heritage as part of the « main motherland » that the 3rd Republic School supports. Active state teacher, radical republican and trade unionist, solidaristic teacher and innovative of French, Louis Pastre was an efficient founder member of the Catalan Studies Society, the first regionalist organization in North Pyrenees Catalonia. His career and his educational production are studied in the context of his professional and militant activity and of his relationship with Barcelonese catalanists, until he makes formal a « mixed method » in 1907. The latter was a completely new compromise between the direct methodology and the methodology of translation, in favour of the teaching of French by and for Catalan in primary school. After challenging the previous suggestions about regionalist teaching, facing the enmity administration shows and the reserve of teachers from Roussillon, Louis Pastre devoted himself to Catalan outside school until 1927 (year of his death), with a linguist work which is outside of the frame of this study.
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Luc Bonet. L'instituteur Louis Pastre (1863-1927) : le catalan et l'école en Roussillon de 1881 à 1907. Linguistique. Université Paul Valéry - Montpellier III, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012MON30071⟩. ⟨tel-00829434⟩



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