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Étude de la dynamique électronique des plasmas denses et tièdes par interférométrie optique

Abstract : The Warm Dense Matter (WDM) regime is characterised by a density close to the solid density and an electron temperature close to the Fermi temperature. In this work, the nonequilibrium Warm Dense Matter is studied during the solid to liquid phase transition induced by an ultra short laser interacting with a solid. A 30 femtoseconds time resolution pump-probe experiment (FDI) is set up, yielding to the measurement of the heated sample complex reflectivity for both S and P polarisation.We have determined a criterion based on the measured reflectivities, which permits to control the interface shape of the probed matter. For pump laser fluences around 1 J/cm2, the hydrodynamics of the heated matter is studied and experimental results are compared to the two-temperatures code ESTHER. Furthermore, the evolution of the dielectric function at 800 nm and 400 nm is inferred from our measurements on a sub-picosecond time-scale. Within the Drude-Lorentz model for the conduction electrons, the dielectric function yields information such as ionisation state, electronic temperature and electron collision frequency.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, May 28, 2013 - 10:27:19 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00826666, version 1

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François Deneuville. Étude de la dynamique électronique des plasmas denses et tièdes par interférométrie optique. Autre [cond-mat.other]. Université Sciences et Technologies - Bordeaux I, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013BOR14767⟩. ⟨tel-00826666⟩

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