Étude mathématique des équations de Saint-Venant et de Navier-Stokes

Abstract : This thesis is divided into two parts. In the first one, we are interested in the Equatorial Shallow Water equations which modelize the behaviour of shallow homogeneous fluids in the equatorial zone in case of large rotation of the Earth. Thanks to these hypotheses, using the Navier-Stokes equations, we get a penalized system. The penalization parameter is called " and takes into account the smallness hypotheses. Studying the penalization term, we exhibit a formal limit system when the parameter " tends to zero. Finally, we prove the convergence of the filtered solutions toward the solution of the limit system. In the second part, we exhibit a class of initial data which generate a global solution of the Navier-Stokes equations in R3. These equations are well-posed in R2 but in R3 we need, for example, to add a su cient smallness condition on the initial data. When the inital data spectrum is near the horizontal plane then we will prove that it generates a global solution to the Navier-Stokes equations. Moreover, we establish that, under some hypotheses, the perturbation of an initial data generating a global solution, by these data with quasi- horizontal spectrum, also generates a global solution.
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Chloé Mullaert. Étude mathématique des équations de Saint-Venant et de Navier-Stokes. Systèmes dynamiques [math.DS]. Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011PA066538⟩. ⟨tel-00825556⟩

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