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Poséidon en terre d'Athènes : un dieu entre séisme et fondation

Abstract : This research aims to point out how the mythical identity of Athens was created in relation to its own territory. Our purpose is to revalue the position of Poseidon whose role in the city of Athena has been often minimized. The thesis is divided into two parts. The first part analyzes the very relation of Poseidon to the territory, the second one reveals his role as founder right after the contest between himself and Athena over the city. The analysis of the relation of Poseidon to the territory is central to this work: he is "holding" the land, he is ensuring, fixing, and supporting the foundations. On the other hand, the city of Athens is reflecting its autochthony since it is not founded in the way of the "colonization". The mythical discourses constantly reiterate the foundation of the city on its own land. Therefore, Poseidon possesses a central position within the land of Athens, and that following to the mythic rivalry between the two pretenders for the title of Poliad deity. Even though Athena wins the eris and is awarded of the epithet, Poseidon is not excluded. Athena protects and represents the city, she defends the Athenian walls and is represented on her coins. On the other hand, Poseidon completes the process of foundation of the polis. He is the guard of its origins, the guarantor of its stability, the god of the safe foundations that citizens call the "Holder of the land", and receives centrals honors in the autochthonous city. Thanks to Poseidon who roots Athenians on their land, the city of Athens succeeds its own foundation.
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Contributor : Sonia Darthou Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, May 23, 2013 - 2:57:59 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 28, 2022 - 4:20:11 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Tuesday, April 4, 2017 - 10:42:40 AM


  • HAL Id : tel-00825331, version 1


Sonia Darthou. Poséidon en terre d'Athènes : un dieu entre séisme et fondation. Histoire. Ecole pratique des hautes études - EPHE PARIS, 2000. Français. ⟨tel-00825331⟩



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