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Vieillissement et propriétés résiduelles de matériaux issus du démantèlement d'avions en fin de vie

Abstract : The thesis is part of a larger program aimed at establishing a first feedback on structural health of aeronautical structures at the end of life. The aim of the work presented here is to characterize the residual properties after aging of parts from aircraft after teardown, and therefore after service. Specifically, two different types of materials are considered: an aluminum alloy 2024 T351, constituting the underside of an A320 wing, and a composite carbon/epoxy T300/914, taken from the wing of a Falcon X and the wing of an ATR.Concerning the composite wings, the study focused on the effects of water on laminated composites. The evolution of the glass transition temperature by DMA has been studied as function of moisture present in the composite. The results of sorption and desorption tests were confronted to different diffusion models. Residual properties were evaluated through various mechanical tests. It is clear from this study a very good behavior of the composite after service.The work on the metal wing is focused on the residual fatigue properties of these alloys. The results show that hardening occurs in service, and a slight reduction of the fatigue life is observed, the number of cycles to failure ranging between 104 and 106. However, the fatigue crack growth resistance is unchanged in comparison with a “virgin” material.Finally, this initial feedback is positive: It can now enable manufacturers to check the design rules or to optimize the design, but also to justify aircraft life extensions.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, May 21, 2013 - 11:22:10 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 20, 2021 - 3:22:14 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, August 22, 2013 - 4:05:30 AM


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  • HAL Id : tel-00824151, version 1



Fabien Billy. Vieillissement et propriétés résiduelles de matériaux issus du démantèlement d'avions en fin de vie. Autre. ISAE-ENSMA Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Mécanique et d'Aérotechique - Poitiers, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013ESMA0006⟩. ⟨tel-00824151⟩



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