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Synthèse de nanolubrifiants à base de carbones fluorés

Abstract : To address some issues to premature wear caused by high pressures and temperatures used on aircraft parts, nanolubricants made of fluorinated nanocarbons were synthesized. They are known for their low friction coefficients and high thermal stability in air. To improve these properties, carbonaceous nanomaterial precursors with different dimensionalities, and various gaz-solid synthesis methods were investigated. Thus, a closed structure such as carbon nanofibres (1D, tubular), opened such as carbon nanodiscs/nanocones (2D in majority, discotic) and intermediate with graphitized carbon blacks(0D, spherical) were fluorinated, firstly with molecular fluorine gas, and secondly with atomic fluorine released by the thermal decomposition of a solid fluorinating agent. Mechanisms of fluorination/defluorination were proposed thanks to complementary characterization techniques (solid NMR, SEM, TEM, AFM, XRD) for all the studied compounds. Materials with a gain of thermal stability of several tens of degrees compared to fluorinated materials of the litterature were prepared, and a new synthesis way called “flash fluorination” has been developed to further expand the thermal stability in air. Good tribological properties of these materials have been also demonstrated, including high temperature (160°C) regardless of the fluorination method. Then, polysiloxane resins loaded with fluorinated carbon nanofibres were formulated. The composite coatings exhibit thermal stability above 400°C as demonstrated by the study of the degradation mechanism as a function of the temperature, in particular by coupling TGA-FTIR. From a tribological point of view, friction coefficients measured at room temperature and 160°C are below 0.1 and the tribofilms obtained were characterized by SEM and EDX analysis.
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Elodie Disa. Synthèse de nanolubrifiants à base de carbones fluorés. Autre. Université Blaise Pascal - Clermont-Ferrand II, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012CLF22290⟩. ⟨tel-00824130⟩

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