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Jean Cocteau et l'Italie : regards cinématographiques croisés

Abstract : This thesis which confronts Jean Cocteau's work with Italian culture has a double aim. On the one hand, it aims at exploring the elements which contributed to giving life to the Italian side of the poet's imagination during his various stays in Italy. On the other hand, it aims at giving a better understanding of the Italian point of view about his presence in the country, especially concerning his films and his critical thoughts. The thesis hinges on three parts. The first one deals with the ways in which Cocteau's Italian imagination originated and puts in a historical perspective the different stages in the relationshipswith the country. The second part is about Cocteau's cinema proper, in a twofold aspect as well .The first one analyzes the commentaries Cocteau wrote after his discovery of Italian films. This allows us to give a better view of the way he conceived this form of cinema in general, and understand his interest for some of its protagonists in particular. The second aspect analyzes the place the Italian press granted to his work in the film production of the « Bel Paese ». The third part looks into the bonds of friendship Cocteau built up with three Italian directors : Roberto Rossellini for the screen adaptation of La Voix humaine ; Luciano Emmer for the French written commentaries and their reading of Venise et ses amants and of La Légende de Sainte Ursule ; and last Michelangelo Antonioni for the direction of Le Mystère d'Oberwald, an adaptation of the play L'Aigle à deux têtes.
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Roberto Zemignan. Jean Cocteau et l'Italie : regards cinématographiques croisés. Musique, musicologie et arts de la scène. Université Paul Valéry - Montpellier III, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012MON30061⟩. ⟨tel-00823388⟩

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