Non-parametric synthesis of volumetric textures from a 2D sample

Abstract : This thesis deals with the synthesis of anisotropic volumetric textures from a single 2D observation. We present variants of non parametric and multi-scale algorithms. Their main specificity lies in the fact that the 3D synthesis process relies on the sampling of a single 2D input sample, ensuring consistency in the different views of the 3D texture. Two types of approaches are investigated, both multi-scale and based on markovian hypothesis. The first category brings together a set of algorithms based on fixed-neighbourhood search, adapted from existing algorithms of texture synthesis from multiple 2D sources. The principle is that, starting from a random initialisation, the 3D texture is modified, voxel by voxel, in a deterministic manner, ensuring that the grey level local configurations on orthogonal slices containing the voxel are similar to configurations of the input image. The second category points out an original probabilistic approach which aims at reproducing in the textured volume the interactions between pixels learned in the input image. The learning is done by non-parametric Parzen windowing. Optimization is handled voxel by voxel by a deterministic ICM type algorithm. Several variants are proposed regarding the strategies used for the simultaneous handling of the orthogonal slices containing the voxel. These synthesis methods are first implemented on a set of structured textures of varied regularity and anisotropy. A comparative study and a sensitivity analysis are carried out, highlighting the strengths and the weaknesses of the different algorithms. Finally, they are applied to the simulation of volumetric textures of carbon composite materials, on nanometric scale snapshots obtained by transmission electron microscopy. The proposed experimental benchmark allows to evaluate quantitatively and objectively the performances of the different methods.
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Radu Dragos Urs. Non-parametric synthesis of volumetric textures from a 2D sample. Other [cond-mat.other]. Université Sciences et Technologies - Bordeaux I, 2013. English. ⟨NNT : 2013BOR14773⟩. ⟨tel-00821886⟩

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