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Acoustics in shear flows : geometrically complex boundary conditions, application to acoustic waves reflection and to viscous boundary layers

Abstract : The first part is a study of the interactions between acoustic and vorticity perturbations in linear incompressible shear flows, which can decomposed as a sum of a hyperbolic part and of a rigid rotation part. The plane Couette flow is an example of such flows. By using the non-modal approach, the equations governing the evolution of compressible perturbations reduce to an ODE of dimension three in time, which depends on a dimensionless parameter ε representing the ratio between the shear rate of the flow and the frequency of the perturbations. For small ε values, the WKB method allows us to exhibit naturally three modes (two acoustic modes and one vorticity mode) and to highlight couplings between these modes. These couplings are exponentially small in 1/ε, and cannot be taken into account by an asymptotic method. They seem to be linked to the hyperbolic part of the flow.The second part deals with the reflection of a wave by a geometrically complex surface. A conformal mapping allows us to transform a complex boundary into a plane boundary, but makes appear varying coefficients in the bulk equations. These equations are then solved with the multimodal impedance matrix method, which reduce the problem to a Riccati equation for the impedance matrix. A method to find geometries allowing for the existence of trapped modes is proposed. Then the solving method is applied to the modeling of the viscous boundary layer of a fluid oscillating near a periodical rough surface. A perturbative solution is proposed. The presence of recirculation areas is studied.
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Gael Favraud. Acoustics in shear flows : geometrically complex boundary conditions, application to acoustic waves reflection and to viscous boundary layers. Other [cond-mat.other]. Université du Maine, 2012. English. ⟨NNT : 2012LEMA1024⟩. ⟨tel-00821059⟩

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