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Films minces de copolymères à blocs pour la réalisation de gabarits à porosité contrôlée

Abstract : Polymer films with controlled porosity are obtained from block copolymer thin films of polystyrene-b-polylactide (PS-PLA) and polystyrene-b-poly(methylmethacrylate) (PS-PMMA). The morphology of these films must be reorganized by solvent annealing (THF or DCE) in order to obtain the cylinders perpendicular to the surface, in the volume and arranged in a hexagonal lattice over a long distance. The selective removal of the minority domains leads to a porous thin film of PS. New characterization techniques (AFM image analysis, SEM analysis of the silica replica, ellipsoporosimetry) are developed to evaluate the influence of various parameters (substrate nature, film thickness, method of deposition, duration and method of solvent vapors annealing …) on the morphology of the film (surface, interface and volume) and on the kinetics of reorganization. Blends of copolymer/homopolymer A-B/C (PS-PMMA/PLA, PS-PLA/PMMA, PS-PLA/PEO, PS-PEO/PLA, PS-PEO/PMMA, PS-PMMA/PEO) are also studied. In some cases, the addition of homopolymers can improve the reorganization of block copolymer films. It also allows an increase of the characteristics size of the system. Homopolymers C locate at the center of the minority B domains if χA-C> χB-C and χA-C> χA-B. For example, in the case of PS-PMMA/PLA blends, cylinders perpendicular to the surface and hexagonally arranged are observed after exposure to vapor of THF with incorporation of PLA homopolymer in central PMMA domains.
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Thi Hoa Nguyen. Films minces de copolymères à blocs pour la réalisation de gabarits à porosité contrôlée. Autre. Université d'Orléans, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012ORLE2051⟩. ⟨tel-00821029⟩

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