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Taxonomie et diagnostic des espèces de Xanthomonas associées à la gale bactérienne de la tomate et des Capsicum spp. : situation dans les Îles du Sud Ouest de l'océan Indien

Abstract : Bacterial spot of Solanaceae is present in most areas of the world where tomato and pepper are cultivated. Its incidence is especially high in tropical and subtropical regions, such as the islands of South West Indian Ocean. This desease can be caused by five taxa: X. vesicatoria , X. perforans , X. gardneri , X. euvesicatoria et X. campestris pv. raphani, but recent studies suggest that some of those species are synonymous or actually correspond to other species of Xanthomonas. The objectives of this work were (1) to assess the genetic diversity of a word collection of strains using two high throughput molecular techniques: AFLP and MLSA; (2) to describe the phylogenetic relationships between the different taxa caising bacterial spot and other Xanthomonas; (3) to develop a rapid identification method based on SCAR markers identified by AFLP, which would take into account the global diversity of the pathogen. Tree topologies derived from the sequences of four housekeeping genes were not congruent and recombination events could be detected in three of them. A survey of bacterial spot of tomato and pepper in the South West Indian Ocean showed a broad diversity of the species causing this disease in the region. Our data confirmed the strong genetic similarity between, X. alfalfae , X. euvesicatoria et X. perforans, as well as between X. cynarae and X. gardneri, which are probably synonymous species.
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Abdou Azali Hamza. Taxonomie et diagnostic des espèces de Xanthomonas associées à la gale bactérienne de la tomate et des Capsicum spp. : situation dans les Îles du Sud Ouest de l'océan Indien. Sciences agricoles. Université de la Réunion, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010LARE0022⟩. ⟨tel-00819814⟩

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