Application du retournement temporel aux systèmes multi-porteuses : propriétés et performances

Abstract : The data traffic has been exploding in the last decades, owing to the increasing demand in streaming video, just as voice over IP and peer to peer. The appearance of cloud computing and cloud gaming, as well as the high resolution of video contents tend to increase this data rate demand. Hence, the communication norms evolve to provide users with the best possible throughput. Consequently, systems necessitate embedding multiple accesstechniques in order to discriminate users and the increase of the number of antennas becomes mandatory. Hence, these equipments become more and more complex and power consuming. To reduce the systems complexity and then decrease their consumption, also allowing working with low transmitting power, Time Reversal appears as a conceivable solution. Indeed, this technique allows focusing electromagnetic waves in the time and in the space domain. Hence, thanks to this process, low complexity multi-antennas communication becomes feasible, and with low inter symbol interference thanks to the time focusing property, and with lowinter user interference thanks to the space focusing property. However, in order to adapt if to current communication norms, it is necessary to study the combination of Time Reversal with multi-carrier systems used in the main packet communication norms. The aim of this PhD thesis is to study Time Reversal whenapplied to multi-carrier modulations, and particularly with OFDM. At first, the way to combine the two techniques isshowed in a SISO (Single Input Single Output) context. Then, the benefits in the synchronization process and the guard interval reduction of such association are described and analyzed. Afterwards, an extension to MISO (Multiple Input Single Output) systems is presented, as well as the combination with orthogonal space time bloc codes. The performances of these systems in terms of capacity and bit error rate are then analytically calculated and compared with other systems. An adaptive modulation algorithm is then added to the system aiming to improve the performances. Then, the way to combine Time Reversal with an OQAM system is presented. It is shown that this combination allows realizing simple MISO-OQAM systems, and also allows exploiting thespatial diversity. It is also shown that the combination with space time orthogonal block codes is feasible.Finally, the robustness of the system combining Time Reversal and OFDM when experiencing channel estimation errors is evaluated, with two channel estimation logarithms for multicarrier systems.
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  • HAL Id : tel-00904031, version 3

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Thierry Dubois. Application du retournement temporel aux systèmes multi-porteuses : propriétés et performances. Autre. INSA de Rennes, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013ISAR0005⟩. ⟨tel-00904031v3⟩

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