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Recherche de paramètres morphologiques influents pour la prévision des caractéristiques mécaniques d'un acier austénoferritique

Abstract : Duplex stainless steels are commonly used ( among others in nuclear industry) for their good properties. However these steels may "age" in service condition at high temperatures. As their mechanical properties ( charpy impact toughness, resistance to ductile tearing) are often very scattered and tend to decrease after ageing, it has become essential to predict them with high precision. For this, we propose to explain a part of the scattering of the mechanical properties with measurable parameters in relation with the particularly complicated two-phase morphology. The two-phase and bipercolated morphology of the ferrite and austenite phases is first characterised from the observation of 2D images and from the reconstitution of a 3D image. At the same time we precise the genesis of the formation's mechanisms of the structure (germination and growth of the austenitic phase in the solidified ferri tic one) in relation with the literature. The morphological characteristics so observed corresponding with classical notions of mathematical morphology, -size, covariance, connexity-, we use morphological operators to measure morphological variables by image analysis. We establish then a link between toughness and a parameter measuring fineness of the morphology. The lack of data for very aged steels prevent us from proposing a model of toughness which could take this parameter into consideration at these ageing states, for which it is properly the more crucial to obtain specially precise predictions. _A mathematical mo del of the 3D structure of the steel is finally proposed. We choose an homogeneous Markov chain of 3D spatial processes, whose evolution in time mimes the solidification. The morphology of the microstructure is so summarised with 8 parameters. This model is liable to be coupled with a model of toughness, for which it would so enlarge the possibilities of prediction. It could also be used to simulate subsequently the damage and the rupture of two-phase materials.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00817970
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Submitted on : Thursday, April 25, 2013 - 5:13:34 PM
Last modification on : Monday, June 27, 2022 - 3:06:05 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, July 26, 2013 - 4:04:46 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-00817970, version 1

Citation

Laure Messiaen. Recherche de paramètres morphologiques influents pour la prévision des caractéristiques mécaniques d'un acier austénoferritique. Topologie géométrique [math.GT]. Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Paris, 1997. Français. ⟨NNT : 1997ENMP0764⟩. ⟨tel-00817970⟩

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