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L'institutionnalisation du public-témoin comme forme de gouvernementalité : la consultation du public de la directive cadre européenne sur l'eau

Abstract : The European Parliament adopted in 2000 the European Water Framework Directive (2000/60/WFD), directive which regulates for all Member States of the European Union the overall protection of water resources. The WFD is based on the close linkage of three general principles responsible for organizing the water management of the Member States. The first principle is a demand for results expressed by the requirement to achieve "good ecological status" of waters in the 2015, 2022 and 2027. The second principle displayed by the WFD is the explicit consideration of economic issues in cost internalization - according to the polluter pays principle - to assume the financial burden of degradation of water users who are deemed responsible. The third principle of the WFD refers to a stakeholder participation in the definition of water policy, as expressed by the requirement for public consultation. Provided for in the Article 14 of the WFD, we assume public consultation is to ensure that the programs of measures for each watershed are routinely shown to public comment at various stages of development and evaluation of results. To witness the taking of public, in water policy, is interpreted both as a political response to the distrust of citizens vis-à-vis the political authorities (particularly European) to enhance the responsiveness of governments, and also as a component of "mind management" to substitute for state regulation of arbitration rules managers between different stakeholders on environmental issues. The device of sociological research is based on several levels of analysis: a comparison of the national and local concerning the WFD transposition in France and the Netherlands, and a research on the design, the conduct and the effects produced by public consultation, seased as policy tools, between 2004 and 2009.
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Olivier Notte. L'institutionnalisation du public-témoin comme forme de gouvernementalité : la consultation du public de la directive cadre européenne sur l'eau. Sociologie. Université Toulouse le Mirail - Toulouse II, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012TOU20098⟩. ⟨tel-00817475⟩

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