Tatouage pour le renforcement de la qualité audio des systèmes de communication bas débit

Abstract : The goal of this thesis is to explore the idea of watermark for sound enhancement. Classically, watermark schemes are oriented towards security applications or maximization of the transmitted bit rates. Our approach is completely different. Our goal is to study how an audio watermarking can improve the quality of the host audio signal by exploiting the information it conveys. The audio watermarking is considered as a memory that carries information about the original signal.The low bitrate compression of audio signals is one of the applications covered by this concept. In this context, two objectives are proposed:reducing the pre-echo and the attack softening, two phenomena introduced by the perceptual audio coders, particularly AAC and MP3 encoders ;preserving the harmonicity of audio signals, distorted by coders with bandwidth extension, especially HE-AAC encoder. These coders are limited in the reconstruction of the high-frequency spectrum mainly because of the potential unpredictability of the fine structure of the latter, as well as imperfect indicators of tonal to noise.The first part of this manuscript presents the basic principles of low rate coding systems and studies the various distortions introduced by the latter. Based on this study, two solutions are proposed. The first one, principally aimed at reducing the pre-echo, consist in correcting the time envelope of the signal after reception by exploiting the prior knowledge of the temporal envelope of the original signal, which is assumed transmitted by an auxiliary channel at low bitrates (<500 bps). The second solution is to correct the harmonicity generated by coders with bandwidth extension. This primarily affects strongly harmonic signals (e.g. violin) and is perceived as a dissonance. We propose then to preserve the harmonicity of audio signals by spectral translations. The parameters being passed again by an auxiliary channel at low bitrates.The second part of this document is dedicated to the integration of audio watermarking techniques in the solution presented in the first part. In this context, the audio watermarking replaces the previous auxiliary channel and is regarded as a memory of the original signal, carrying information necessary for the correction of harmonicity and the pre-echo reduction.
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Imen Gharbi. Tatouage pour le renforcement de la qualité audio des systèmes de communication bas débit. Autre. Université René Descartes - Paris V, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013PA05S004⟩. ⟨tel-00817318⟩

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