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The development of new materials such MOFs for CO2 capture and alkylation of aromatic compounds.

Abstract : This thesis is a European project TOPCOMBI of 22 partners. More specifically, this work is the result ofcollaboration between ENI (Italy), ITQ (Spain), Repsol (Spain) and IRCELYON (France).This work consists of 2 different themes which improvements can be obtained by finding new materials tailoredto the needs.The global energy demands are and will be constantly rising in the coming years. In order to meet this need,new resources must be found and further optimized. Fossil fuels are among the most used resources in the world. Amongthis 3, natural gas appears to be the most promising point of view of energy efficiency and ecological impact. However,many gas fields cannot be treated because there are too small or too contaminated to be economically viable. One way tomake them attractive is to lower the cost of purification using novel separation techniques such as the PSA system.However, there is no currently effective adsorbent to allow a viable economic cleansing.Today, the alkylation reactions represent a very important economic interest. Industrial processes are typicallycarried out by homogeneous acid reactions or not. Seeing the new environmental restrictions, some homogeneouscatalytic processes must be replaced by heterogeneous catalytic reactions with the same yields. To do this, new materialsto acid characters were used: the zeolites. However the small size of pores of these compounds prevents selectivealkylation reactions of molecules too large compounds such as poly-aromatic.For twenty years, new microporous crystalline compounds have emerged. The MOFs, Metal OrganicFrameworks. These compounds have the characteristic to be obtained with different metal cations and organic ligands.These combinations give a wide variety of these compounds at the level of reactivity, pore volume and pore size. In thiswork, we tried to get different materials with specific characteristics in order to use them in methods for purification ofmethane in acid catalysis. To do this, we have established a protocol for the synthesis of MOFs with high speed and acharacterization protocol suited to our needs. The different compounds fulfilling the various criteria being tested in theappropriate responses.
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Ugo Ravon. The development of new materials such MOFs for CO2 capture and alkylation of aromatic compounds.. Other. Université Claude Bernard - Lyon I, 2010. English. ⟨NNT : 2010LYO10009⟩. ⟨tel-00817254⟩

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