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Magnon magnetoresistance, magnetization reversal and domain wall dynamics in FePt and NiFe nanostructures

van Dai Nguyen 1
1 NM - Nanostructures et Magnétisme
SP2M - UMR 9002 - Service de Physique des Matériaux et Microstructures : DSM/INAC/SP2M
Abstract : In the first part of this thesis, we study the magnetization reversal process of FePt nanowires with high magnetocrystalline anisotropy. When reducing the wire width below the mean dendrite width, the magnetization reversal favors a transition from the dendrite growth to the propagation of a single domain wall (DW). Further decreasing of the width towards the disorder length and/or the mean edge roughness leads to a large increase of coercivity, which finally results in a mix of DW propagation and nucleation in ultra-narrow wires. The second part focuses on the use of Magnon magnetoresistance (MMR), i.e., the magnon contribution to the resistivity, to study the magnetization reversal in nanostructures with either perpendicular (FePt) or planar magnetization (NiFe). We showed that MMR can be used in nanowires and nanomagnets, in particular to detect DW position in nanowires processed in a single layer. Finally, the dynamic of DW depinning under field and current in both FePt and NiFe systems has been studied. We observe three different modes of DW depinning, which depend on the nature of defects, or on the geometry of the constriction. Statistical analysis of the pinning time indeed shows that the depinning path can be described as simple path, serial paths or alternative paths. Additionally, the effect of DC current on all depinning mechanisms is found to be equivalent to the effect of applied field which, allow measuring the spin transfer efficiency in these systems. Mot clés: Renversement de l'aimantation, magnétoresistance de magnon, paroi magnétique, effets de transfert de spin
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van Dai Nguyen. Magnon magnetoresistance, magnetization reversal and domain wall dynamics in FePt and NiFe nanostructures. Materials Science [cond-mat.mtrl-sci]. Université de Grenoble, 2012. English. ⟨tel-00815762⟩

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