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LES FEMMES DANS LE PARTI COMMUNISTE ROUMAIN (1944-1989)

Abstract : Between 1944 and 1989, the Romanian Communist Party (PCR) took several steps in order to transform the Romanian women into political actors. The first direction of action was the creation of a communist women mass organization whose name and structure changed several times: the Union of Antifascist Women of Romania, the Union of Democratic Women of Romania, the Women National Council. The role of this mass organization was to attract the feminine population to the major projects of PCR: gain of power, collectivization of agriculture, a better promotion for women in all spheres of public life, the demographic project during Nicolae Ceausescu's regime, the administration of public goods and services. In second place, the PCR, according to the Marxist-Leninist doctrine, taking as model the USSR, PCR introduced a so-called egalitarian legislation. In order to apply these principles to the Romanian society, the communist propaganda encouraged women to join the paid working force. The women presence within the PCR was one of the lowest of all the communist countries of Central and Eastern Europe. In the mid-1970s the Nicolae Ceausescu' regime introduced the principle of quotas for women representation, as members and candidates, in all party structures. The result was an increase in the percentage of women in the party up to 36% at the fall of the Romanian communism regime. With regard to the positions of authority, except a small group surrounding Elena Ceausescu, the feminine participation remained modest.
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  • HAL Id : tel-00811989, version 1

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Luciana-Marioara Jinga. LES FEMMES DANS LE PARTI COMMUNISTE ROUMAIN (1944-1989). Histoire. Université d'Angers, 2011. Français. ⟨tel-00811989⟩

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