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Ingénierie moléculaire de fluorophores absorbants biphotonique pour des applications biologiques

Abstract : Two-photon induced fluorescence is nowadays widely used for the imaging of biological tissues. The classical fluorophores used in confocal microscopy exhibit low sensitivity to two-photon excitation for the two-photon excitation microscopy (TPEM), led the researchers towards the development of new fluorophores, specifically engineered for TPEM. This manuscript describes our work on conception, synthesis and characterizations of new one-dimensional fluorophores based on dicétopyrrolopyrrole (DPP) central core, surrounded by various electro-active systems through π conjugated systems. We also modified such fluorophores to be able to conjugate them to molecules of biological interest, such as proteins. These bio-conjugable fluorophores were grafted on a peptide of HIV virus studied in our laboratory: TAT (Trans-Activator of transcription). The imaging by TPEM was successfully performed on HeLa cells. In addition we developed new multimodal probes for the correlative light electronic microscopy and for the correlative imaging fluorescence microscopy/ Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Theses multimodal probes associate a fluorescent moiety based on the DPP core associated to a paramagnetic or electron dense entity (magnetite nanoparticles, gadolinium III or heavy atoms such as platinum or gold).
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 9, 2013 - 3:02:29 PM
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Hussein Ftouni. Ingénierie moléculaire de fluorophores absorbants biphotonique pour des applications biologiques. Chimie organique. Université de Strasbourg, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012STRAJ051⟩. ⟨tel-00809524⟩

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