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Modèle d'estimation de l'imprécision des mesures géométriques de données géographiques

Jean-François Girres 1
1 COGIT - Cartographie et Géomatique
LaSTIG - Laboratoire des Sciences et Technologies de l'Information Géographique
Abstract : Many GIS applications are based on length and area measurements computed from the geometry of the objects of a geographic database (such as route planning or maps of population density, for example). However, no information concerning the imprecision of these measurements is now communicated to the final user. Indeed, most of the indicators on geometric quality focuses on positioning errors, but not on measurement errors, which are very frequent. In this context, this thesis seeks to develop methods for estimating the imprecision of geometric measurements of length and area, in order to inform a user for decision support. To achieve this objective, we propose a model to estimate the impacts of representation rules (cartographic projection, terrain, polygonal approximation of curves) and production processes (digitizing error, cartographic generalisation) on geometric measurements of length and area, according to the characteristics and the spatial context of the evaluated objects. Methods for acquiring knowledge about the evaluated data are also proposed to facilitate the parameterization of the model by the user. The combination of impacts to produce a global estimation of the imprecision of measurement is a complex problem, and we propose approaches to approximate the cumulated error bounds. The proposed model is implemented in the EstIM prototype (Estimation of the Imprecision of Measurements)
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Jean-François Girres. Modèle d'estimation de l'imprécision des mesures géométriques de données géographiques. Autre [cs.OH]. Université Paris-Est, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012PEST1080⟩. ⟨tel-00809273⟩

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