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L'émergence d'une francophonie en Gambie : Représentations - Promotion - Obstacles : les résultats des enquêtes menées à Banjul et à Brikama en 2010

Abstract : Senegambia Confederation (1981-1989) results from the combination of two independent states of West Africa: Senegal and the Gambia to strengthen their unity based on their similarities : geography, languages, cultures … But this aim is quickly replaced by a concern. The Gambian people suspects his neighbor to hide the ambition to transform their country into a region of Senegal. The attendance of the Senegalese army in the Gambia after the attempted coup against President Dawda Jawara leads hostilities. Gambian nationalism appears in the literature, the media and political discourse. English and British traditions become symbols of identity in the Gambia. Simultaneously, French is perceived in a negative way, as a Senegalese language. The agreement between two countries is canceled in 1989. Since 1991, a new cooperation based on a friendship and partnership is born. Gradually, Gambian authorities promote the French language. Then, positive attitudes about French-speaking world are observed. This thesis analyze the Gambian representations of French: language, spaces and people. It will indicate steps and difficulties of the promotion. Our work will focus on the results of investigation conducted in Banjul and Brikama in 2010 in schools, at the university and some national and foreign agencies and national.
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Ndèye Maty Paye. L'émergence d'une francophonie en Gambie : Représentations - Promotion - Obstacles : les résultats des enquêtes menées à Banjul et à Brikama en 2010. Linguistique. Université Paul Valéry - Montpellier III, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012MON30050⟩. ⟨tel-00808967⟩

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