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Stratégie de modélisation simplifiée et de résolution accélérée en dynamique non linéaire des machines tournantes : Application au contact rotor-stator

Abstract : Power plants turbo-generator sets are large rotating machines of more than 50 meters long and weight several hundred tons. During normal operation of such a machine, there is a nonzero probability of an accidental disconnection of a blade. In such a situation, a significant imbalance is generated and contact may occur between the rotating and non-rotating parts. It is therefore essential to be able to effectively simulate the dynamics of this type of event involving strong nonlinearities in the system. This PhD was conducted within the framework of the ANR (Agence Nationale de la Recherche) IRINA (Simulation and risk control in rotating machinery design) and in particular between the LaMCoS (LAboratory of Contact Mechanics and Structures) of the INSA Lyon and the AMA department (Mechanical and Acoustic Analysis) at EDF R and D in Clamart. It aims to develop a fast technique for simulating the behavior of shafts of rotating machinery in case of presence of non-linearity of contact between rotor and stator. To achieve this goal, a dual approach was implemented. The first is to develop simplified models to reduce the number of degrees of freedom of the problem. In addition, a model reduction technique suitable for the case of localized nonlinearity is used to further reduce the size of the system to be solved. The second approach is to develop a technique for efficient resolution of the reduced system to obtain the solution more quickly. To do this, instead of using the traditional direct temporal integration techniques, the harmonic balance method is put to use. This technique allows to directly obtain the stabilized response of the system thanks to a resolution of the equations in the frequency domain. In this context, a numerical model has been developed to implement the features mentioned. The latter allows to reproduce the physical periodic and quasi-periodic phenomena and to determine their stability. Parametric studies of examples of problems of rotor-stator contact will illustrate this approach. Finally, an application on an industrial case of turbo generator EDF is presented.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00808515
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Submitted on : Friday, April 5, 2013 - 3:38:23 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, July 8, 2020 - 12:42:25 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00808515, version 1

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Loïc Peletan. Stratégie de modélisation simplifiée et de résolution accélérée en dynamique non linéaire des machines tournantes : Application au contact rotor-stator. Autre. INSA de Lyon, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012ISAL0146⟩. ⟨tel-00808515⟩

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