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Spectroscopies analytiques innovantes pour l'amélioration de la sûreté des réacteurs nucléaires à neutrons rapides refroidis au sodium (RNRNa)

Abstract : In the context of the project of sodium fast reactor ASTRID, CEA is currently developing new analytical techniques to monitor the chemical purity of liquid sodium. Indeed, incidental situations occurring in the reactor, such as fuel clad failures, leakages in the steam generator or in the coolant pumps, and accelerated corrosion, might release several elements in the sodium. Analytical techniques based on laser ablation and emission spectroscopy are well suited for this application. They do not require any sample preparation, and can perform direct on-line analysis. Amongst them, Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) and Laser-Ablation coupled to Laser-Induced Fluorescence (LA-LIF) have been selected for this study. The objective of this work was to characterize the sensitivity of those two techniques for the detection of impurities in liquid sodium. Their limits of detection were calculated for model analytes using calibration lines. Then results were theoretically extrapolated to other analytes of interest. This study shows the feasibility of the detection of steel corrosion products in liquid sodium. However, the LIBS technique is more robust and easier to implement, and would therefore be more suited to nuclear conditions.
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Submitted on : Thursday, April 4, 2013 - 4:15:32 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, December 15, 2021 - 10:04:04 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, July 5, 2013 - 4:19:17 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-00807954, version 1

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Cécile Maury. Spectroscopies analytiques innovantes pour l'amélioration de la sûreté des réacteurs nucléaires à neutrons rapides refroidis au sodium (RNRNa). Chimie-Physique [physics.chem-ph]. Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI, 2012. Français. ⟨tel-00807954⟩

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