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Abstract : The present dissertation is concerned with tracing the relationship between the discourse of the texts which are included in the school handbook for language, and the type of citizen that the national state wants to shape, and with the picture of the national self which is depicted in those texts. Education, as the supreme institution of the national state, transmits to the social objects, through the school handbook, the nation’s narrative, so as to achieve the more effective diffusion of national values and standards, and the formation of a national identity. Since the interaction between text and reader in the educational process is a given fact, our question focuses on what the discourse of the school handbooks for language reflects, what is engraved as national ideology on the conscience of the pupils, and what kind of identity the groups wielding power want the pupils to have acquired by the end of their time in primary school. Consequently, this study starts from the two-fold discovery that the investigation and analysis of the ideological content of the reading matter is revealing because it contains the sum of the values and principles which the educational system wants to transmit, in order to shape the characteristics of the citizen it wants, and also the vision every society specifies for itself. Through the content analysis of the texts in the school handbooks (for the time periods 1983-2005 and 2006-2012) an investigation is attempted, of the messages, the attitudes, the values and the picture of national self which is depicted in the texts, and which contribute to the shaping of the national identity, the formation of the national self and the engraving of the political and cultural characteristics of the national subjects. In the research findings, the modern greek present emerges and is interpreted, as is the idealized ancient greek past and the idolized greek tradition and culture. In addition at the end of each analysis category, a portrayal of the picture which emerges from each category is attempted, a fact which moreover leads us to the validation of the conclusions of our research work.Key words
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Vasiliki Kougia. Non communiqué. History. Université Paul Valéry - Montpellier III, 2012. Greek. ⟨NNT : 2012MON30038⟩. ⟨tel-00805768⟩

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