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Matrices de microélectrodes tout diamant et composite diamant / nanotubes de carbone pour la neurophysiologie : du matériau aux composants d'interface

Abstract : Microelectrodes array are powerfull tools for the research on neuroscience. They can be used both in basic research works to understand the flux of information within neural networks and for the creation of neural prosthese. Biocompatible microelectrode with low impedance are need for the optimization of the devices. Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and diamond are currently thought to be good candidates to reach these goals. Both are coupled in this work to take advantages of their respective outstanding properties. The study is divided into three main parts. In the first we describe a new anchoring methode to strongly bind carbon nanotubes by burring their base into the nanocrystalline diamond. This new coupling is thought to avoid any dispersion of CNTs that could trigger some toxicity issues, and also to enhance the electronic interface between the two materials. The second part is devoted to the development of an all-diamond microelectrode array. Their electrochemical properties are compared to the carbon nanotube coated electrodes. Finally, some preliminary in-vivo and in-vitro studies were performed to evaluate nanocrystalline diamond and carbon nanotube bicompatibility.
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Clément Hébert. Matrices de microélectrodes tout diamant et composite diamant / nanotubes de carbone pour la neurophysiologie : du matériau aux composants d'interface. Autre. Université de Grenoble, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012GRENI053⟩. ⟨tel-00805627⟩

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