Applications de la théorie géométrique des invariants à la géométrie diophantienne

Abstract : Geometric invariant theory is a central subject in nowadays' algebraic geometry : developed by Mumford in the early sixties, it enhanced the knowledge of projective varieties through the construction of moduli spaces. During the last twenty years, interactions between geometric invariant theory and arithmetic geometric --- more precisely, height theory and Arakelov geometry --- have been exploited by several authors (Burnol, Bost, Zhang, Soulé, Gasbarri, Chen). In this thesis we firstly study in a systematic way how geometric invariant theory fits in the framework of Arakelov geometry; then we show that these results give a new geometric approach to questions in diophantine approximation, proving Roth's Theorem and its recent generalizations by Lang, Wirsing and Vojta.
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Marco Maculan. Applications de la théorie géométrique des invariants à la géométrie diophantienne. Mathématiques générales [math.GM]. Université Paris Sud - Paris XI, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012PA112331⟩. ⟨tel-00805516⟩



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