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Etude théorique et numérique de quelques problèmes d'écoulements et de chaleur hyperbolique

Abstract : The main objective of this thesis is to study nonstationary flows of incompressible Newtonian and non isothermal fluids. The problem is described by the laws of conservation of mass, momentum and energy. We consider the coupling between the Navier-Stokes system and the hyperbolic heat equation (the result of combination between the law of conservation of energy and the Cattaneo's law). This one is a modification of the commonly used Fourier's law, it overcomes "the heat paradox" and gives a more accurate description of heat propagation. The coupled system is an hyperbolic-parabolic problem where the viscosity depends on the temperature but the thermal capacity and the dissipative term depend on the velocity. To obtain an existence result for the coupled system, we first prove the existence and uniqueness of the solution of the hyperbolic problem then we introduce a time discretization and we study the convergence of the approximate solutions to those of the original problem. In the second chapter, we study the existence and uniqueness of the solution of Navier-Stokes system with Tresca or Coulomb boundary conditions in dimension 2 and 3. In the third chapter, we propose a time discretization of the flow problem in the case of Tresca boundary conditions and we establish the convergence of the approximate solutions. The last chapter is devoted to the study of the coupled problem in the case of Tresca free boundary conditions. The existence of a solution is obtained by a theoretical argument (fixed-point theorem) in dimension 2 and also by a method of time discretization leading, on each time subinterval, to a decoupled problem for the velocity and pressure of a hand and the temperature of the other hand.
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Imane Boussetouan. Etude théorique et numérique de quelques problèmes d'écoulements et de chaleur hyperbolique. Equations aux dérivées partielles [math.AP]. Université Jean Monnet - Saint-Etienne, 2012. Français. ⟨tel-00805369⟩

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