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Chimie rapide atmosphérique en périphérie de mégapoles : étude du bilan des radicaux et des sources d’acide nitreux

Abstract : OH is the main oxidant of the troposphere during daytime hours. It is, thus, a key species for the complex atmospheric chemistry which involves other radical species and therefore leading to a radical cycle. This cycle is responsible for the transformation of the majority of the compounds emitted or formed in the atmosphere and thus of the formation of secondary pollutants, such as ozone and secondary organic aerosols which can have harmful effect on human health or important effects on climate. One of the main radical sources in the troposphere is the photolysis of nitrous acid. However, the intensity and the nature of the whole sources of HONO are still unknown.The aim of my thesis was, therefore, to study radical chemistry and nitrous acid chemistry in different environments in order to improve our understanding of oxidation processes occurring in the atmosphere. To answer to these objectives, this work was based on results obtained during field campaigns which took place in different environments and at different periods of year: the MEGAPOLI summer and winter campaign which took place in a suburban environments of Paris suburbs during the summer 2009 and the winter 2010 and finally the CalNEX campaign which took place in a polluted environment of the suburbs of Los Angeles during the spring 2010.Dealing with the results of these campaigns, a methodology consisting in the use of simple calculation such as the photostationnary state hypothesis or more complex approach such as a 0D box model containing a detailed chemical mechanism (the MCM) and being constrained with all the measurements, has been developed and compared with the measured radical concentrations in order to test our knowledge. The 0D box model, also, allowed studying the radical budget in these three environments. Finally, a comparison between the measured and calculated HONO concentrations for the three environments has been conducted. This comparison leads to the identification of an additional HONO source, which is probably of the same nature in the three environments
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Vincent Michoud. Chimie rapide atmosphérique en périphérie de mégapoles : étude du bilan des radicaux et des sources d’acide nitreux. Autre [q-bio.OT]. Université Paris-Est, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012PEST1153⟩. ⟨tel-00804623⟩



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