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Synthèse de fréquence par couplage d'oscillateurs spintroniques

Abstract : The current trends in telecommunication are leading to systems that are compatible with multiple standards and consequently multiple carrier frequencies. The frequency synthesis is a key element influenced by the local oscillator performance. In order to ensure the system compatibility with multiple telecommunication standards, the conventional solution consists in using one local oscillator for each standard. This solution is expensive, even more, since the cost per squared millimetre is increasing, while the silicon area occupied by the traditional LC-tank oscillators cannot be reduced in spite of the fact that technology is going to higher integration levels. Thus, it should be interesting to find a substitution to the LC-tank oscillators which leads to research for alternative solutions among new technologies. The spin torque oscillator (STO) is a new device issued from the ferromagnetic thin-film research. Due to its frequency accord ability and its capability to occupy relatively small volume, it appears as a potential candidate for the LC-tank oscillator replacement. However, a set of measurements prove that these devices exhibit poor power and phase noise performance, making them unable to fulfill the technical specification of the radiofrequency applications. We propose to reach these specifications by coupling of a large number of spin torque oscillators. In this scope, numerous questions appear regarding the procedures of modelling, analysis and synthesis of the complex interconnected systems. The modelling procedures are dedicated to the increasing complexity models that describe the input-output behaviour of a spin torque oscillator and its behaviour within the interconnected network. The analysis procedures are targeted to verify the stability and to evaluate the performance level of the interconnected systems. The synthesis procedures allow to design the interconnection law for spin torque oscillators in order to fulfill the technical requirements. In this document, the frequency synthesis problem by spin torque oscillator coupling with technical specification description in terms of power spectral densities is established. The formulated specifications introduce the problem of the oscillator modelling in order to perform a simulation and an analysis of the oscillator behaviour. Here, we propose an original model using several conventional models with increasing complexity. An original oscillator network model that describes qualitative properties of the oscillator synchronisation is introduced. Afterwards, the control law architecture for an oscillator set is established in order to accomplish the technical requirement specifications. The suggested control architecture needs to be developed with quantitative systematic and efficient design method for the network interconnection taking into account the formulated performance criteria. In the last two chapters we propose two original frequency domain design methods allowing the resolution of our frequency synthesis problem. The first design method allows to consider explicitly a performance criterium corresponding toa desired frequency constraint. The method allows to obtain a suitable sub-system interconnection matrix that fits the frequency specification constraint. The second design method allows to find an interconnection matrix and to take into account simultaneously several frequency specification constraints. The interconnection matrix obtained with the proposed method solves the problem of frequency synthesis by coupling of spin torque oscillators.
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Mykhailo Zarudniev. Synthèse de fréquence par couplage d'oscillateurs spintroniques. Autre. Ecole Centrale de Lyon, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013ECDL0001⟩. ⟨tel-00804561⟩

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