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Theses

Amélioration de la transmission de contenus vidéo et de données dans les réseaux sans-fil

Abstract : This thesis deals in improving the data transfer on wireless networks and for the continuous data such as video. To improve transmission over wireless networks, we were interested in congestion control transport protocols and we also proposed a practical method for adjusting the video rate to network conditions.This thesis composes of two parts. The first part concerns the loss differentiation between congestion losses and losses on the wireless network. It is known that when there is a loss, transport protocols reduce the current sending rate (e.g. by two). However, for wireless losses, it has no interest in reducing the rate. To differentiate these losses on the data senders side, we propose a novel method that uses both the ECN (Explicit Congestion Notification) and the change of RTT of the packet following the loss. The second part proposes a novel method for video adaptation at the application layer of the sender. With the advent of high bitrate video (e.g. HD, 3D) and steadily increasing but irregular network bandwidth, video quality to the user lags. It is non-optimal (bitrate is highly smaller or larger than the available bandwidth) and not adaptable (to the dynamic conditions of the network). We propose a simple method to implement, since it requires a change only at the application layer of the sender. It adapts the bitrate of the video to the network conditions, i.e. it is a congestion control on the transmitter. Videoconferencing is an ideal case for the application of adaptation. This method works over any transport protocol with congestion control (e.g. TCP, DCCP), which also confers the property of TCP-friendliness.
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  • HAL Id : tel-00802909, version 1

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Wassim Ramadan. Amélioration de la transmission de contenus vidéo et de données dans les réseaux sans-fil. Autre [cs.OH]. Université de Franche-Comté, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011BESA2009⟩. ⟨tel-00802909⟩

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