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Role of the nuclear receptor Rev-erb alpha in circadian food anticipation and metabolism

Abstract : The work performed during this PhD thesis aimed at investigating the role of the transcriptional silencer Rev-erbα in both the circadian clockwork of the food-entrainable oscillator and metabolic regulations. Firstly, by evaluating food-anticipatory components in animals fed once a day at the same time, we showed that mice lacking Rev-erbα display a reduction in locomotor activity prior to food access compared to littermate controls. Accordingly, the rises in body temperature and corticosterone that anticipate mealtime are also diminished. Interestingly, daily p-ERK expression in hypothalamic regions and daily PER2 expression in the cerebellum of Rev-erbα KO mice are not phase-adjusted to feeding time. These results indicate that Rev-erbα participates in the integration of feeding signals and in food-seeking behaviors. Secondly, by investigating energy balance in fasted, normal chow or high-fat fed animals, we revealed that Rev-erbα KO mice exhibit greater reliance on lipid fuels as energy substrates, contributing to a mild hyperglycemic state. We also found that Lipoprotein lipase (Lpl) expression, is strongly up-regulated in peripheral tissues of Rev-erbα KO mice, predisposing mice to obesity. In this regard, we uncovered a new molecular pathway that ties clock-driven Lpl expression to energy homeostasis. These findings highlight the significance of daily Rev-erbα oscillations to prevent the appearance of the metabolic syndrome.In conclusion, we provide evidence that REV-ERBα may be a part of the food-entrainable oscillator clockwork that triggers food-anticipatory components, and represents a pivotal player to link the core clock machinery to metabolic pathways.
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Julien Delezie. Role of the nuclear receptor Rev-erb alpha in circadian food anticipation and metabolism. Neurobiology. Université de Strasbourg, 2012. English. ⟨NNT : 2012STRAJ018⟩. ⟨tel-00801656⟩

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