Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Theses

Post-modification par irradiation γ de polymères à base de fluorure de vinylidène : Applications aux membranes séparatrices de supercapacité

Abstract : This work deals with the modification of VDF-based polymer induced by γ-radiation as the polymer may be used in electrochemical supercapacitors. The main objective was to limit the swelling of the fluorinated matrix with a given electrolyte while a good wetting of the polymer by the liquid was also required. As the main basic process involved in polymer radiolysis is the formation of radicals, a part of the work was dedicated to the study of such species by using Electron Spin Resonance spectroscopy. A simulation model of ESR spectra was established in order to identify and quantify each radical species. The effect of several parameters such as radiation dose, annealing time or the nature of polymer matrix on the concentration of each species where investigated. A relation with the evolution of the crosslink density of the network formed during the radiolisys was proposed. In addition, one of the key steps of this work was to study the radiation crosslinking ability of VDF-based polymers and find a way to increase the crosslink density. This was achieved by incorporating, prior to the radiation process, a radiation sensitive crosslinker: TAIC. Finally, a new strategy based on the modification of surface properties of PVDF was investigated. It consists in the radiation grafting of pentafluorstyrene onto PVDF surface followed by the chemioselective functionalization of the grafted segments. As a conclusion, the different approaches used in this thesis allowed us to understand the radiolysis of VDF-based polymers and take advantage of the elementary process involved in this type of chemistry, to build up robust and promising strategies for tuning properties.
Document type :
Theses
Complete list of metadatas

https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00801543
Contributor : Abes Star :  Contact
Submitted on : Sunday, March 17, 2013 - 1:00:59 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 14, 2020 - 3:57:43 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Tuesday, June 18, 2013 - 3:00:11 AM

File

these.pdf
Version validated by the jury (STAR)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : tel-00801543, version 1

Citation

Ludovic Dumas. Post-modification par irradiation γ de polymères à base de fluorure de vinylidène : Applications aux membranes séparatrices de supercapacité. Autre. INSA de Lyon, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012ISAL0016⟩. ⟨tel-00801543⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

459

Files downloads

2293