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Méthode de modélisation et de raffinement pour les systèmes hétérogènes. Illustration avec le langage System C-AMS

Abstract : Systems on Chip (SoC) embed in the same chip analogue parts and digital processing units. While their complexity is ever increasing, their time to market is becoming shorter. A global and coordinated top-down design approach of the whole system is becoming crucial in order to take into account the interactions between the analogue and digital parts since the beginning of the development. This thesis presents a systematic and gradual refinement process for the analogue parts comparable to what exists for the digital parts. A special attention has been paid to the definition of the highest abstracted analogue levels and to the correspondence between the analogue and the digital abstraction levels. The analogue refinement consistency requires to detect the abstraction level where a too idealised model leads to unrealistic behaviours. Then the refinement step consist in introducing – for instance – the limitations and non-linearities that have a strong impact on the behaviour. Such a step can be done at a relatively high level of abstraction. Correctly choosing a modelling style, that suits well an abstraction level, is crucial to obtain the best trade-off between the simulation speed and the accuracy. The modelling styles at each abstraction level have been examined to understand their impact on the simulation. The SystemC-AMS models of computation have been classified for this purpose. The SystemC-AMS simulation times have been compared to that obtained with Matlab Simulink. The interface between models arisen from the architectural exploration – still rather abstracted – and the more detailed models that are required for the implementation, is still an open question. A library of complex electronic components described with the most accurate model of computation of SystemC-AMS (ELN modelling) could be a way to achieve such an interface. In order to show what should be an element of such a library, and thus prove the concept, a model of an operational amplifier has been elaborated. It is enough detailed to take into account the output voltage saturation and the finite slew rate of the amplifier. Nevertheless, it remains sufficiently abstracted to stay independent from any architectural or technological assumption.
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Franck Paugnat. Méthode de modélisation et de raffinement pour les systèmes hétérogènes. Illustration avec le langage System C-AMS. Autre. Université de Grenoble, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012GRENT041⟩. ⟨tel-00800204⟩

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