Détermination de la distribution de taille des nanoparticules de suie par analyse du spectre d'extinction et de diffusion angulaire de la lumière

Abstract : The objective of this thesis is to determine by optical methods the soot size distribution. Soot are fractal-like morphology nanoparticles aggregates. After preliminary studies which used DDSCAT to validate the RDG-FA theory and allow converting gyration radius to mobility radius, two optical approaches are considered. The first one is based on a measure of spectral light extinction by soot. To exploit this signal, the knowledge of soot optical properties, fractal prefactor, type of law distribution, fractal dimension and primary spheres diameters are needed. The second one exploits the measure of angular scattering by particles. It is possible to determine the size distribution by using scattering measurement at only three angles. However, it's necessary to assume the type of law distribution and the fractal dimension. This second approach is more appropriate than the first one to determine optically the size distribution of soot and hold the interest to be in-situ.
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Chloé Caumont-Prim. Détermination de la distribution de taille des nanoparticules de suie par analyse du spectre d'extinction et de diffusion angulaire de la lumière. Autre [cond-mat.other]. INSA de Rouen, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013ISAM0001⟩. ⟨tel-00800137⟩

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