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Nouveaux composants optiques pixellisés pour la correction visuelle : modélisation, optimisation et évaluation

Marius Peloux 1 
1 Laboratoire Charles Fabry de l'Institut d'Optique / Scop
LCFIO - Laboratoire Charles Fabry de l'Institut d'Optique
Abstract : This thesis investigates microstructured and more particularly pixelated ophthalmic glasses, the latter raising some hope for the active correction of presbyopia. A theoretical study is developed for the analysis of the optical performances of a pixelated lens in terms of image transport and leads to the identification of the parameters which have an impact on these performances. After experimental validation of the results obtained, we note and then explain the effect on the observation of a scene of eye displacement with respect to the optical function of the eyeglass. We study the effect of phase wrapping, which is inherent in the limits of the technologies implied in the manufacturing process and adds an axial chromatism effect to the visual defects generated by pixelation. We are also interested in the potential applications of pixelation in the field of passive optics. We prove that for a given application, non pixelated binary lenses, the optical quality of which we optimize, lead to better results than pixelated lenses. The impact on visual acuity of the parasitic diffractive phenomena induced by pixelation is evaluated with an optical bench using the simulation of test images seen through pixelated lenses. Finally, we study the aesthetic aspect of a pixelated component as seen by an external observer, using hybrid calculation models based on both geometrical and Fourier optics.
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Marius Peloux. Nouveaux composants optiques pixellisés pour la correction visuelle : modélisation, optimisation et évaluation. Autre [cond-mat.other]. Université Paris Sud - Paris XI, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011PA112202⟩. ⟨tel-00799958⟩

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