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Adaptations métaboliques du caneton de Barbarie (Cairina moschata) et du Manchot Royal (Aptenodytes patagonicus) en réponse à un stress chronique froid

Abstract : Because of their huge phenotypic diversity (10,000 species), birds were able to colonize many “extreme” ecological niches. Many studies have been focus on the polar areas (i.e. Arctic and Antarctica) with their typical cold climate. The aim of this work was to explore the onset of thermoregulatory mechanisms in birds. Using an integrative approach, from whole animal (indirect calorimetry) to gene expression (RT-PCR analysis), we investigated metabolic adaptations and avian uncoupling protein implication in non shivering thermogenesis (NST) during chronic cold exposure. In two studies, working on Muscovy ducklings, we have highlighted the “adaptative” aspect of NST and potential implication of avUCP in this mechanism in relation to different ambient temperatures of acclimation and to cold exposure duration.In a third study, we were interested by passage from shore to marine life of King Penguins that represents a key step of their life. This is defined by massive cold stress (cold water) and increase of physical activity (long-time swimming), leading great metabolic adaptations, such as an increase of lipid oxidative capacities which would sustain expensive energetic cost of marine life.
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Loïc Teulier. Adaptations métaboliques du caneton de Barbarie (Cairina moschata) et du Manchot Royal (Aptenodytes patagonicus) en réponse à un stress chronique froid. Biologie animale. Université Claude Bernard - Lyon I, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010LYO10295⟩. ⟨tel-00799347⟩

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