Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Theses

Mécanismes moléculaires de la réponse des plantes aux radiations ionisantes. Exploration du rôle des glucosinolates dans la réponse antioxydante.

Abstract : Terrestrial organisms are exposed to low doses of ionising radiation from natural or anthropogenic sources. The major effects of the radiations are due to DNA deterioration and water radiolysis which generates an oxidative stress by free radical production. Plants constitute good models to study the effects of ionising radiations and the search of antioxidant molecules because of their important secondary metabolism. Thus this thesis, funded by the Brittany region, characterized the physiological and molecular response of the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana to low (10 Gy) and moderate (40 Gy) doses of ionising radiation, and was therefore interested in glucosinolates, characteristic compounds of the Brassicaceae family. The global proteomic and transcriptomic studies carried out on this model revealed (1) a common response for both doses dealing with the activation of DNA repair mechanisms, cell cycle regulation and protection of cellular structures ; (2) an adjustment of the energetic metabolism and an activation of secondary compounds biosynthesis (i.e. glucosinolates and flavonoids) after the 10 Gy dose ; (3) an induction of enzymatic control of ROS, the regulation of cellular components recycling and of programmed cell death after the 40 Gy dose. The potential antioxidative role of glucosinolates was then explored. The in vitro antioxidative power of some glucosinolates and their derivative products were demonstrated. Their modulating effects against irradiation-induced damages were then tested in vivo by simple experimental approaches. The importance of the glucosinolate level to give a positive or negative effect was demonstrated.
Complete list of metadatas

https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00797465
Contributor : Valerie Briand <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, March 6, 2013 - 2:56:02 PM
Last modification on : Monday, October 19, 2020 - 11:08:34 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Sunday, April 2, 2017 - 9:57:19 AM

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : tel-00797465, version 1

Citation

Morgane Gicquel. Mécanismes moléculaires de la réponse des plantes aux radiations ionisantes. Exploration du rôle des glucosinolates dans la réponse antioxydante.. Biologie végétale. Université Rennes 1, 2012. Français. ⟨tel-00797465⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

1016

Files downloads

7952