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Mondialisation et libéralisation financière : endettement et crises dans les pays émergents d'Asie. Le cas de la Thaïlande, la Corée du Sud, l'Indonésie et la Malaisie

Abstract : Globalization has an impact on all countries, especially on developing countries which liberalised their financial markets without implementing a prudential regulation and adequate supervision. In this context, weak prudential regulation and institutions created substantial vulnerabilities in various developing countries, which was a major cause of observed financial crises in emerging economies over the past three decades. At first, we analyze the impact of financial globalization on growth in developing countries, their degree of integration and its impact on growth and macroeconomic volatility in these countries. In the second part of this text, we discuss the Asian crisis of 1997 and analyze the factors explaining the increase of indebtedness, specifically the public debt in the Asian countries, and the measures taken by the different countries to overcome the crisis. Although each of the Asian countries had a different economic structure and, therefore, had taken various economic measures to cope with the crisis, they had one common factor: the depreciation of the currencies and the collapse of the stock exchange markets. Therefore, we can acknowledge that the reforms were led successfully, but they may fail to protect the economies of the region against a future external shock.
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Nada Saliba. Mondialisation et libéralisation financière : endettement et crises dans les pays émergents d'Asie. Le cas de la Thaïlande, la Corée du Sud, l'Indonésie et la Malaisie. Economies et finances. Université de la Sorbonne nouvelle - Paris III, 2009. Français. ⟨NNT : 2009PA030096⟩. ⟨tel-00796993⟩

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