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Nerve Growth Factor Signaling from Membrane Microdomain to Nucleus : Differential Regulation by Caveolins

Abstract : At the plasma membrane, both NGF receptors have been shown to localized to lipid rafts, specific subdomains that are enriched in cholesterol, sphingolipids and the presence of caveolin proteins (Cav1 and/or Cav2). The focus of this work is on this membrane microenvironment mediated modulation of NGF signaling which via two receptors: p75NTR and TrkA. In the present work we found that overexpression of Cav-1 in mouse dorsal root ganglia neurons significantly impacted neurite extension. Similarly, overexpression of Cav-1 in PC12 cells strongly inhibits their ability to grow neurites in response to NGF. It inhibits NGF signaling without, impairing transient MAPK pathway activation. Rather, it does so by sequestering NGF receptors in lipid rafts, which correlates with the cell surface localization of downstream effectors, and phosphorylated-Rsk2, resulting in the prevention of the phosphorylation of CREB. By contrast, overexpression of Cav-2 potentiates NGF induced differentiation, which is accompanied by sustained activation of downstream effectors, and standard internalization of the receptors. This differential effect could be due to the different localization of Caveolins, that modifies the microenvironment, thereby affecting NGF signaling. Furthermore, PC12 cells expressing the non-phosphorylatable Cav-1 mutant (S80V), neither TrkA trafficking or CREB phosphorylation are inhibited and the response resembles that observed in Cav-2 expressing PC12 cells. These studies underline the interplay between caveolins and NGF signalling, offering insight into the potential impact of Caveolin-1 and mutations thereof in certain cancers where NGF signaling is involved.
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Lingli Yu. Nerve Growth Factor Signaling from Membrane Microdomain to Nucleus : Differential Regulation by Caveolins. Agricultural sciences. Ecole normale supérieure de lyon - ENS LYON; East China normal university (Shanghai), 2012. English. ⟨NNT : 2012ENSL0772⟩. ⟨tel-00796393⟩

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