Contributions à la localisation intra-muros. De la modélisation à la calibration théorique et pratique d'estimateurs

Abstract : Foreshadowing the next big step in the field of navigation, indoor geolocation has been a very active field of research in the last few years. While geolocation entered the life of many individuals and professionals, particularly through assisted navigation systems on roads, needs to extend the applications inside the buildings are more and more present. However, existing systems face many more technical constraints than those encountered outside, including the chaotic propagation of electromagnetic waves in confined and inhomogeneous environments. In this manuscript, we propose a statistical approach to the problem of geolocation of a mobile device inside a building, using the WiFi surrounding waves. This manuscript focuses on two central issues: the determination of WiFi wave propagation maps inside a building and the construction of estimators of the mobile's positions using these propagation maps. The statistical framework used in this thesis to answer these questions is that of hidden Markov models. We propose, in a parametric framework, an inference method for the online estimation of the propagation maps, on the basis of the informations reported by the mobile. In a nonparametric framework, we investigated the possibility of estimating the propagation maps considered as a single regular function on the environment that we wish to geolocate. Our results on the nonparametric estimation in hidden Markov models make it possible to produce estimators of the propagation functions whose consistency is established in a general framework. The last part of the manuscript deals with the estimation of the context tree in variable length hidden Markov models.
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Thierry Dumont. Contributions à la localisation intra-muros. De la modélisation à la calibration théorique et pratique d'estimateurs. Mathématiques générales [math.GM]. Université Paris Sud - Paris XI, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012PA112379⟩. ⟨tel-00795878⟩

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