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Optimisation du protocole de recherche des Escherichia coli producteurs de Shiga-toxines (STEC) dans les aliments

Abstract : Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) are an important subset of Shiga toxin–producing E. coli (STEC) associated with foodborne infections. These bacteria can cause hemorrhagic diarrhoeal disease and Haemolytic and Uremic Syndrome which are associated with some predominant serotypes defined by AFSSA institute: O26, O103, O111, O145 and O157.Cattle are the primary reservoir of STEC. Although STEC transmission to humans is frequently associated with consumption of meat, dairy products have also been implicated in human cases. Sensitive and rapid detection methods for STEC are essential for the food industry to ensure a safe food supply. However, the detection of STEC in foods is problematic because it’s an heterogeneous group which displays a broad range of both genotypic and phenotypic differences.The aim of this thesis was to optimize the research protocol of STEC strains in food in order to provide some protocols to the industries for improving risk management protocol.So, we involved in different steps of the protocol: the enrichment of E. coli O26 allowing their detection in raw milk cheeses after 24 h enrichment in EPT+ acriflavine + cefixime-tellurite. Then, we evaluated the VIDAS ECPT UP performances’ for the detection of E. coli O157: H7 in raw ground beef. Through this study, we showed the ability to reduce enrichment time for sample analysis of 25g (6h) and the feasibility of analyzing samples of 375g with a sample to broth ratio of ¼ after 24h enrichment. Thereafter we looked at the confirmation step. We developed and optimized automated VIDAS immuno-concentration of E. coli O157, O26, O103, O111 and O145 (VIDAS ESPT) with the use of recombinant phage proteins for capture
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Fanny Savoye. Optimisation du protocole de recherche des Escherichia coli producteurs de Shiga-toxines (STEC) dans les aliments. Sciences agricoles. Université de Bourgogne, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011DIJOS093⟩. ⟨tel-00794936⟩

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