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ROLE DU CORTEX OPERCULO-INSULAIRE DANS LA SOMESTHESIE ET LA DOULEUR CHEZ L'HOMME

Abstract : This work aims at assessing the role of operculo-insular cortex in somesthesia and pain in Humans, using intracerebral electrical stimulations and fMRI. Two distinct functional zones were highlighted; the insular cortex on one hand, in which 60% of stimulations induced somato-sensory responses (10% painful), with a clear antero-posterior gradient in terms of localization and pain stimulation threshold, and where receptive fields were large and pain evoked sensations showed a rough somatotopic organization. The inner part of the parietal operculum (second somatosensory area SII) on the other hand, where electrical stimulation induced almost exclusively somato-sensory sensations, of which 10% were painful, in more restricted cutaneous territories. SII and posterior insula are the only cortical regions where electrical stimulation can elicit painful sensation. Functional segregation in SII and insula was found using fMRI, showing that specific patterns of activation do exist, depending on the type of somato-sensory stimulations, including sub-regions specifically activated during pain stimulation. These characteristics confer to these regions a crucial and special role, which consists in triggering the building of pain 'experience' by the pain matrix.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00793586
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Submitted on : Friday, February 22, 2013 - 3:44:56 PM
Last modification on : Friday, October 23, 2020 - 4:45:58 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00793586, version 1

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Laure Mazzola. ROLE DU CORTEX OPERCULO-INSULAIRE DANS LA SOMESTHESIE ET LA DOULEUR CHEZ L'HOMME. Neurosciences. Université Claude Bernard - Lyon I, 2011. Français. ⟨tel-00793586⟩

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