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Spectroscopie Raman résonnante UV in situ à haute température ou à haute pression

Abstract : I applied UV resonant Raman spectroscopy (UVRRS) to an ‘in situ’ study of carbon materials at very hight temperature (> 2000 K) or at high pressure (< 1 GPa).The advantages of UVRRS are presented in the first part of this PHD thesis, and used to investigate details of the composition and structure of disordered carbon materials such as: (1) n-type nanocrystalline films, (2) carbonaceous matter in chondrites and (3) tholins, HCN synthetic samples of Titan 's atmosphere.‘In situ’ Raman studies are limited to 2000 K by the visible black-body emission. I designed a high temperature cell to perform UVRRS above this limit. The second part of the manuscript presents Raman spectra of pyrolitic graphite and HOPG up to 2700 K. This data are consistent with anharmonic models up to 900 K, and show the coupling effects of electron-phonon and phonon-phonon. The last one dominates the anharmonicity above 1000 K. The Raman spectra was calibrated as a function of temperature and became a “thermometer” up to 2700 K.For high pressure measurements in the third part, I modified an anvil cell to study by UVRRS, the vibrational changes induced by pressure on very luminescent molecular organic crystals. I present an analysis at 244 nm of resonant Raman modes of perylene crystal under hydrostatic pressure up to 0.8 GPa. Some of them have a non linear feature under pressure, revealing structural and planar modifications of the molecules.
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Gilles Montagnac. Spectroscopie Raman résonnante UV in situ à haute température ou à haute pression. Sciences de la Terre. Ecole normale supérieure de lyon - ENS LYON, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012ENSL0784⟩. ⟨tel-00790770⟩

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