Organisation of audio-visual three-dimensional space

Abstract : Stereopsis refers the perception of depth that arises when a scene is viewed binocularly. The visual system relies on the horizontal disparities between the images from the left and right eyes to compute a map of the different depth values present in the scene. It is usually thought that the stereoscopic system is encapsulated and highly constrained by the wiring of neurons from the primary visual areas (V1/V2) to higher integrative areas in the ventral and dorsal streams (V3, inferior temporal cortex, MT). Throughout four distinct experimental projects, we investigated how the visual system makes use of binocular disparity to compute the depth of objects. In summary, we show that the processing of binocular disparity can be substantially influenced by other types of information such as binocular occlusion or sound. In more details, our experimental results suggest that: (1) da Vinci stereopsis is solved by a mechanism that integrates classic stereoscopic processes (double fusion), geometrical constraints (monocular objects are necessarily hidden to one eye, therefore they are located behind the plane of the occluder) and prior information (a preference for small disparities). (2) The processing of motion-in-depth can be influenced by auditory information: a sound that is temporally correlated with a stereomotion defined target can substantially improve visual search. Stereomotion detectors are optimally suited to track 3D motion but poorly suited to process 2D motion. (3) Grouping binocular disparity with an orthogonal auditory signal (pitch) can increase stereoacuity by approximately 30%
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Marina Zannoli. Organisation of audio-visual three-dimensional space. Psychology. Université René Descartes - Paris V, 2012. English. ⟨NNT : 2012PA05H109⟩. ⟨tel-00789816⟩

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