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Etude de la synchronisation et de la stabilité d’un réseau d’oscillateurs non linéaires. Application à la conception d’un système d’horlogerie distribuée pour un System-on-Chip (projet HODISS).

Abstract : The HODISS project, context in which this work is achieved, addresses the problem of global synchronization of complex systems-on-chip (SOCs, such as a monolithic multiprocessor). Since the traditional approaches of clock distribution are less used due to the increase of the clock frequency, increased delay, increased circuit complexity and uncertainties of manufacture, designers are interested (to circumvent these difficulties) to other techniques based among others on distributed synchronous clocks. The main difficulty of this latter approach is the ability to ensure the overall system synchronization. We propose a clock distribution system based on a network of phase-coupled oscillators. To synchronize these oscillators, each is in fact a phase-locked loop which allows to ensure a phase coupling with the nearest neighboring oscillators. We analyze the stability of the synchronized state in Cartesian networks of identical all-digital phase-locked loops (ADPLLs). Under certain conditions, we show that the entire network may synchronize both in phase and frequency. A key aspect of this study lies in the fact that, in the absence of an absolute reference clock, the loop-filter in each ADPLL is operated on the irregular rising edges of the local oscillator and consequently, does not use the same operands depending on whether the local clock is leading or lagging with respect to the signal considered as reference. Under simple assumptions, these networks of so-called “self-sampled” all-digital phase-locked-loops (SS-ADPLLs) can be described as piecewise-linear systems, the stability of which is notoriously difficult to establish. One of the main contributions presented here is the definition of simple design rules that must be satisfied by the coefficients of each loop-filter in order to achieve synchronization in a Cartesian network of arbitrary size. Transient simulations indicate that this necessary synchronization condition may also be sufficient for a specific class of SS-ADPLLs.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00789365
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Submitted on : Monday, February 18, 2013 - 10:12:32 AM
Last modification on : Monday, December 14, 2020 - 12:38:06 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Sunday, May 19, 2013 - 4:02:24 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-00789365, version 1

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Niamba Jean-Michel Akre. Etude de la synchronisation et de la stabilité d’un réseau d’oscillateurs non linéaires. Application à la conception d’un système d’horlogerie distribuée pour un System-on-Chip (projet HODISS).. Autre. Supélec, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013SUPL0001⟩. ⟨tel-00789365⟩

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