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Homogeneous and heterogeneous Fenton and photo-Fenton processes : impact of iron complexing agent ethylenediamine-N,N'-disuccinic acid (EDDS)

Abstract : In this study we used the bisphenol A (BPA) as a model pollutant to analyse the efficiency of the Fenton and photo-Fenton processes. In the first part of the thesis, we studied the Fenton process in the presence of the complex Fe(III)-EDDS used as iron source. Different physicochemical parameters (concentrations of H2O2, Fe(III)-EDDS, O2 and pH) were tested with the goal to optimized the efficiency of the system in terms of BPA degradation. In the same time, the same kind of experiments were performed in the presence of light (emission from 300 to 450 nm) to study the photo-Fenton process. In the two cases (Fenton and photo-Fenton), we observed a strong and not usual pH effect. Indeed, the degradation of BPA is faster and more important when the pH is higher in the range between 3.0 and 9.0. To understand the mechanisms involved in such processes, some inhibition experiments of radicals (·OH and HO2●/O2●-) were performed. One of the most important conclusion of this research work is that the Fe(III)-EDDS complex plays a very positive role for the degradation of BPA. Moreover, in the presence of Fe(III)-EDDS the Fenton and photo-Fenton processes are very efficient in neutral and slightly basic pH. The comparison with other iron complexes (EDTA,citrate, oxalate) shows that in the presence of Fe(III)-EDDS complex we obtained the better efficiency for the degradation of BPA. This result and the fact that Fe(III)-EDDS is efficient until pH 9.0 show that Fe(III)-EDDS complex is really a promising iron source for the Fenton and photo-Fenton processes. In a third part, we studied the effect of EDDS in a heterogeneous system in the presence of Goethite as an iron source. In this chapter, we demonstrated that the presence of EDDS is detrimental for the Fenton process and leads to an inhibition of the process. In fact, EDDS is strongly adsorbed at the surface of the Goethite and avoid the reactivity of H2O2 at the Goethite surface. On the contrary, in the photo-Fenton process EDDS increases the efficiency of the BPA degradation for pHs near 7.0 and at low H2O2 concentrations.
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Wenyu Huang. Homogeneous and heterogeneous Fenton and photo-Fenton processes : impact of iron complexing agent ethylenediamine-N,N'-disuccinic acid (EDDS). Other. Université Blaise Pascal - Clermont-Ferrand II, 2012. English. ⟨NNT : 2012CLF22241⟩. ⟨tel-00788822⟩

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