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Theses

Réflectométrie appliquée à la détection de défauts non francs dans les torons de câbles

Abstract : Research works presented in this thesis rely on detecting soft faults (incipient faults) in specic wiring structures : multiconductor transmission lines (MTL), also known as bundles of wires. Reflectometry methods, often used for the diagnosis of wiring networks, aren't for now efficient enough at detecting such defects. Besides, they have been designed for single lines only, where electromagnetic coupling between conductors (crosstalk) is not to be considered. However such phenomenon can provide more information about the state of the cable. Using this information could enable us to detect soft faults more easily. Our goal is to propose a new reflectometry method, which takes advantage of crosstalk signals in order to detect incipient faults. Such a tool has also the advantage of being well-adapted to bundles of cables. Thanks to the preliminary study of the impact of soft faults on the characteristic parameters of a MTL and on crosstalk signals, a method called "Cluster Time Frequency Domain Reflectometry ", has been proposed. It is a three step process. Firts temporal reflectometry measurements are made at the beginning of the line under test. All the available signals, even crosstalk ones, are recorded. A time-frequency process is then applied on them, in order to amplify the presence of defects. Finally, a clustering algorithm, that has been specically developed for wiring diagnosis, is used to benefit from the whole available information
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Maud Franchet. Réflectométrie appliquée à la détection de défauts non francs dans les torons de câbles. Autre. Université Paris-Est, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012PEST1078⟩. ⟨tel-00787146⟩

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