Évaluation ultrasonore des propriétés d'une résine et détection de porosité à l'aide d'un transducteur multiéléments. Application aux matériaux composites en cours de fabrication

Abstract : The experimental studies conducted in the LOMC on the manufacturing of composite materials by use of the RTM (Resin Transfer Molding) process, show the appearance of bubbles at different scales, during the diffusion of the resin into the fiber network. They move during the process, a few are absorbed; others persist and alter the overall quality of the finished product. The subject of this thesis is to study the appearance of bubbles along fibers enclosed in a production channel. The liquid front is followed as it moves by ultrasound techniques. The appearance and the evolution of the bubbles are related, through these measures, to the processes that generate them in order to try and find improvements to the fabrication techniques. The bubbles are detected by signals processing and their evolution is followed in the flow path of the resin. Three main parts are discussed in this thesis: in the first part the behavior of ultrasonic waves interacting with the resin during polymerization is studied. The conditions for bubbles detection within the resin, by use of a phased array transducer, are discussed in the second part. The last part presents the monitoring of the evolution of the bubbles in the composite material during the manufacturing process was also performed. The aim is to quantify the concentration of bubbles relative to the rate amount of fiber and resin. In perspective, imaging techniques using the Doppler effect or nonlinear ultrasonic properties could be considered. The development of control techniques of NDT (Nondestructive Evaluation) during the production of composite materials is to should lead to a better understanding of the phenomena and to complete the feeding of the databases used in numerical simulations
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  • HAL Id : tel-00786143, version 1

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Naïm Samet. Évaluation ultrasonore des propriétés d'une résine et détection de porosité à l'aide d'un transducteur multiéléments. Application aux matériaux composites en cours de fabrication. Acoustique [physics.class-ph]. Université du Havre, 2010. Français. ⟨tel-00786143⟩

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